Dementia is an umbrella term that covers many types of cognitive impairment. Symptoms of dementia generally include memory loss, poor judgment, communication difficulties, and personality changes. Often, early symptoms are especially helpful in distinguishing the different types of dementia from each other.
Lewy Body Dementia
Mental health refers to our cognitive, behavioral, and emotional wellbeing. It is all about how we think, feel, and behave. It can affect daily life, relationships, and even physical health. Mental health also includes a person's ability to enjoy life. Mental health difficulties like anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder can lead to substance abuse problems and, conversely, using substances can worsen mental health conditions.
A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Tumors can grow from the brain tissue itself (primary), or cancer from elsewhere in the body can spread to the brain (metastasis). Treatment options vary depending on the tumor type, size and location.
Types of Tumors
The brain is the control center of the body. It controls thoughts, memory, speech, and movement. When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. It affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. It happens when nerve cells in the brain don't produce enough of a brain chemical called dopamine. Sometimes it is genetic, but most cases do not seem to run in families. Exposure to chemicals in the environment might play a role.
Parkinson's disease Stages
Clinical trials are research studies conducted in people to determine whether treatments are safe and effective. Without clinical research and the help of human volunteers, there can be no better treatments, no prevention and no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. Treatments aimed at reducing symptoms. During this type of trial, new drugs and variations of existing drugs that aim to reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are tested. Studies of existing drugs explore whether changing the dose, taking the medication on a different schedule (more or less often), or combining it with other medications might further reduce or delay symptoms. Many clinical studies focus on finding better ways to accurately diagnose Alzheimer's disease, particularly in the early stages. These studies will hopefully lead to a trusted and easy-to-apply method that enables physicians to diagnose persons at risk for the disease — even before symptoms appear — and begin treatment (once such Alzheimer's treatments exist) in time to prevent the development of dementia. Diagnostic studies are vital to the advancement of Alzheimer's research because they identify which individuals to treat and provide doctors with a way to track whether a treatment is working
Scientists inspect the brain’s gray substance once work regarding Alzheimer’s disease. A contemporary study found that degenerating nervous tissue within the brain can be Associate in Nursing early indicator of malady. A study was printed in Radiology that concludes that nervous tissue plays a vital role in however the disease strikes and progresses. Abnormal deposits of proteins that type amyloid plaques and letter tangles everywhere the brain in Alzheimer’s disease. It can even be characterized by shrinkage of brain tissues thanks to neurons loss.
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the body nervous system. The specific causes of neurological problems vary, but can include genetic disorders, congenital abnormalities or disorders, infections, lifestyle or environmental health problems including malnutrition, and brain injury, spinal cord injury or nerve injury. Neurological disorders affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord. These three parts of the body work together and are referred to as the central nervous system that controls everything in the body.
Trauma and adverse events in childhood can put a person at an elevated risk for a wide range of physical and mental health problems across their life span. Early childhood trauma generally refers to the traumatic experiences that occur to children aged 0-6. These traumas can be the result of intentional violence—such as child physical or sexual abuse, or domestic violence—or the result of natural disaster, accidents, or war.
Effects of Childhood Trauma
Types of trauma
Childhood trauma and stress response
Childhood trauma and the brain
Childhood trauma and health
Childhood trauma and memory
Neurodegenerative dementias are clinically heterogeneous, progressive diseases with frequently overlapping symptoms, such as cognitive impairments and behavior and movement deficits. Molecular biological research has significantly enhanced our understanding of Alzheimer's dementia's pathophysiological basis.
Molecular Genetics of Frontotemporal Dementia
Molecular Genetics of Neurodegenerative Dementia
Human stem cell models of dementia
Dealing with Dementia Behaviour
"Gene Therapy for APOE4 Homozygote of Alzheimer's Disease" (NCT03634007) is actively recruiting patients that have two copies of the APOE4 gene. The study will assess the efficacy, safety, and toxicity of a viral injection into the cerebrospinal fluid.
Neurodegenerative diseases incorporate wide selection of disorders, characterized by the progressive degeneration or death of nerve cells. It affects animal tissue and causes completely different psychological science manifestations furthermore. it's Associate in Nursing umbrella term for a variety of conditions that notably influence the neurons within the human brain.
Genetic and environmental factors are shown to play an important role within the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Age is one in every of the key risk factors that's common between every type of neurodegenerative unwellness because it progresses at older ages ordinarily.
Dementia is not exactly a disease. It describes a group of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia which occurs after a stroke is the second most common dementia type. But there are many other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia including some that are reversible such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as senility or senile dementia, which reflects the incorrect belief that serious mental decline, is a normal part of aging. This session discusses a lot about Alzheimer's and dementia and the treatment interventions.
If a person has a major stroke, or one or more silent strokes which can happen without him realizing it is called vascular dementia. The symptoms depend on which part of his brain was affected by the stroke. Vascular dementia more often begins with poor judgment or trouble planning, organizing, and making decisions. Other symptoms which include are memory problems that disrupt your loved one's daily life; trouble speaking or understanding speech; problems recognizing sights and sounds that used to be familiar; being confused or agitated; changes in personality and mood, and problems walking and having frequent falls. This session discusses more about vascular dementia, the root cause, symptoms and the treatment interventions
Brain Mapping is a proportion of neuroscience systems grounded on the mapping of amounts or properties onto spatial portrayals of the cerebrum bringing about maps. Cerebrum mapping takes numerous structures, however maps of assorted types can be arranged as either basic or useful in nature. Auxiliary mapping uncovers parts of the neural equipment, that is, the anatomical availability connecting one piece of the cerebrum to another part and the rules that apply to the manner by which these linkages are requested.
A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
ADHD often begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships and difficulty at school or work.
Symptoms include limited attention and hyperactivity.
Treatments include medication and talk therapy.
A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact.
Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual.
Epilepsy also known as Seizure Disorder is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages
Patients with chronic pain have always posed big challenges for neurologists, both in diagnosis and in treatment strategies.
The clinical difficulty and emotional drain of treating pain syndromes has been complicated by medical schools and residency programs that traditionally give short shrift to this aspect of neurology practice, and instead, emphasize pain management for oncologists, anesthesiologists, and primary care physicians. The advent of new approaches and medication regimens has changed this picture, however, and neurologists are beginning to play a vital role in managing pain.
The term cerebrovascular disease includes all disorders in which an area of the brain is temporarily or permanently affected by ischemia or bleeding and one or more of the cerebral blood vessels are involved in the pathological process. Cerebrovascular disease includes stroke, carotid stenosis, vertebral stenosis and intracranial stenosis, aneurysms, and vascular malformations.
Restrictions in blood flow may occur from vessel narrowing (stenosis), clot formation (thrombosis), blockage (embolism) or blood vessel rupture (hemorrhage). Lack of sufficient blood flow (ischemia) affects brain tissue and may cause a stroke.
Cognitive neuroscience is a subfield of neuroscience that studies the biological processes that underlie human cognition, especially in regards to the relation between brain structures, activity and cognitive functions. The purpose of it is to determine how the brain functions and achieves performance.
Neurology Clinical Practice includes topics of clinical import and insightful analyses of practice management and health policy issues.
Neurology Clinical Practice focuses on the day-to-day needs of practicing neurologists. Topics Include (1) approaches to the patient with various neurologic conditions; (2) case-based articles on ethical issues; (3)office-based issues and practice management tips; and (4)health policy discussions.
Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation (NN) aims to provide consensus guidelines and standards for neurologists and also offer advanced research outputs and techniques to clinicians and physicians in the field of neuroscience and neurology worldwide.
Multiple sclerosis is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
In this disease, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or deterioration of the nerves.
Signs and symptoms vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. Some people with severe multiple sclerosis may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience long periods of remission without any new symptoms.
Sleep disorders are conditions that result in changes in the way that you sleep.
A sleep disorder can affect your overall health, safety and quality of life. Sleep deprivation can affect your ability to drive safely and increase your risk of other health problems.
Some of the signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep. Other signs and symptoms include an irregular sleep and wake cycle and difficulty falling asleep.
The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is of a scale not seen since the 1918 influenza pandemic. Although the predominant clinical presentation is with respiratory disease, neurological manifestations are being recognised increasingly. On the basis of knowledge of other coronaviruses, especially those that caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome epidemics, cases of CNS and peripheral nervous system disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 might be expected to be rare.
A growing number of case reports and series describe a wide array of neurological manifestations in 901 patients, but many have insufficient detail, reflecting the challenge of studying such patients.
Careful clinical, diagnostic, and epidemiological studies are needed to help define the manifestations and burden of neurological disease caused by SARS-CoV-2
A psychiatric disorder is a mental illness diagnosed by a mental health professional that greatly disturbs your thinking, moods, and/or behavior and seriously increases your risk of disability, pain, death, or loss of freedom.
These are some of the important types of psychiatric disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders
Other Mental Disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders are disabilities in the functioning of the brain that affect a child’s behaviour, memory or ability to learn. It is one of the main psychiatric disorders usually begin in infancy or childhood, often before a child starts school. e.g. mental retardation, dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning deficits and autism.